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Ziziphus oenopolia

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Ziziphus oenoplia - Jackal Jujube at Mayyil (2).jpg

Ziziphus oenopolia is a thorny, evergreen shrub with straggling branches, often scrambling into other vegetation; it can grow around 5 metres tall. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. The fruits are sometims sold in local markets. The plant is sometimes grown as a hedge.


Cuts, Wounds, Indigestion, Stomachache.[1]


Ziziphus oenopolia can be used in Food. Ripe fruits are eaten raw.[2]

Parts Used

Root, Bark, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

It contains betulin, betulinic aldehyde, betulinic acid, alphitolic acid, euscaphic acid, zizyberenalic acid, and β−sitosterol, one coumarin, scopoletin and four flavonoids, kaempferol, afzelin, quercitrin etc.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Pargi, Barige
Hindi Makkay, Makai
Malayalam Tutali
Tamil Suraimullu
Telugu Paraki
Marathi Burgi
Sanskrit Karkandhauh
English Jackal Jujube, Small-Fruited Jujube



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Ziziphus oenopolia Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A, B and C; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2]


Evergreen shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Ovate-Lnceolate Base-Oblique Underside clothed with rusty tomentum



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Tiny Borne in nearly stalkless Green Velvety cymes in leaf axils Flowering season is July-November


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Spherical Obovoid drupes Balck, Shining, Fruiting season is July-November

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Root suckers.

How to plant/cultivate

Ziziphus oenopolia is available through October to February[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Margins of subtropical forests, Thickets.

Photo Gallery


  1. Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.154, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical constituents
  4. Common names
  5. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 400
  6. Cultivation

External Links