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Vateria indica - Ajakarna, Piney

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Vateria indica, Ajakarna

Vateria indica is a species of plant in the dipterocarpaceae family. It is endemic to India. It is threatened by habitat loss. This tree grows like a palm but has blunt thorns along its trunk.


Bloaitng, Abdominal pain, Gout, Neck stiffness, Skin eruptions, Locked jaw paralysis, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Seeds, Bark.

Chemical Composition

Bark contains Dl-epicatechin, fischinidol and afzetechin. Tree yields a resin which is a complex mixture of triterpenes. Seeds yield semi solid fat known as Piney tallow or Malabar tallow. Fruit shell yields tannins. Gum yields lipids.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಬಿಳಿ ಡಾವರು Bili daamaru, ಬಿಳಿ ಧೂಪ Bili dhupa
Hindi Safed daamar
Malayalam Baine, Kunturukkam
Tamil Dhupa maram
Telugu Tellaguggilamu
Marathi Chandrusa
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit NA
English Indian copal tree, Indian gum anime



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Snigda (unctuous)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves are spiral; stipules caducous; petiole 2-3.5 cm, swollen at apex, nearly glabrous



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White 5-20 Inflorescence axillary panicles with dense stellate hairs


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 6.4 x 3.8 cm 3-valved, calyx persistent, reflexed With hooked hairs - {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A tree of low to moderate elevations in the moist, monsoonal tropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 1,200 metres[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

West coastal evergreen forest, Secondary evergreen forest.

Photo Gallery


External Links