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Tribulus terrestris - Gokshura

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Gokshura, Tribulus terrestris, Small Caltrops

Tribulus terrestris is an annual plant in the caltrop family. It is widely distributed around the world, that is adapted to grow in dry climate locations in which few other plants can survive.


Impotency, Painful urination, Kidney diseases, Gout diseases, Cancer, Blotches, Pimples, Leprosy, Skin diseases, Psoriasis, Congestion.


Tribulus terrestris can be used in Food. Young leaves and tender fruits are cooked as vegetable.[1]

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Sterols such as beta-sitosterols or stigma. These chemical compounds help to protect the prostate gland from swelling and in combination with the X steroidal saponins, may help to protect the prostate from cancer.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ನೆಗ್ಗಿಲು Neggilu, ನೆರಿಗಿಲು Nerigilu
Hindi Gokharu
Malayalam Nerinnii
Tamil Palleru-mullu
Telugu Cinnpalleru
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Ashvadanshtra
English Puncture Vine, Caltrop



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata


Nutritional components

Tribulus terrestris Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A, B and C; Alkaloides; Tannins; Phenols; Flavonoides; Flavonal glycosides; Steroidal saponins; Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulphur, Zinc[1]





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Pinnate The leaves are pinnately compound with leaflets less than a quarter-inch long



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 4-10 mm wide Yellow 5-20 The flowers are 4-10 mm wide, with five lemon-yellow petals. A week after each flower blooms


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
10 mm longe Fruit is easily falls apart into four or five single-seeded nutlets 5 Fruiting season is April to August

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

We have very little information on this species and are not sure how successful it will be in Britain[6]. Tribulus terrestris is available throughout the year[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, Weed in Europe, Sandy seashores in Japan.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.148, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chemical constituents
  3. Common names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 374
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation details

External Links