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Terminalia bellerica roxb - Bibhitaki

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Akshah, Bahuvirya, Terminalia bellerica, Bibhitaki

Bibhitaki is growing widely throughout the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka and SE Asia. In the Traditional system of medicine like Siddha and Unani. Medicinal uses have been described as it is works in disease of every system. This plant is belongs to Combretaceae family.


Indigestion, Respiratory problems, Diarrhoea, Chronic constipation, Hoarseness, Cough, Sore eyes, Sore throats[1]

Parts Used

Seeds, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

Beta-sitosterol,gallic acid,ellagic acid,ethyl gallate,galloyl glucose,chebulagic acid.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Thare, Tare Mara
Hindi Bahuvirya, Bahera
Malayalam Thani, Thannikka
Tamil Semmaram, Vibidagam
Telugu Karshaphalamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Akshah, Kasaghnah
English Bedda nut tree, Belliric myrobalan



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (Sweet)


Kapha, Pitta



Deciduous tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate or opposite The leaves are spiral, clustered at the twig ends and petiole 3-10 cm long, obovate, elliptic or obovate-elliptic, margin entire, secondary veins 7 - 10 pairs, pinnate, prominent, tertiary veins reticulate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Creamy white 5-20 Inflorescence axillary spikes and flowers sessile


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Ovoid 3 cm across Slightly 5 ridged With hooked hairs 1-seeded Fruiting season is March-May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


Season to grow


Soil type required

Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil.[5]


How to plant/cultivate

The plant has a wide ecological range, succeeding in tropical and subtropical climates, but does not grow above 600 m altitude. It is found at elevations up to 1,400 metres in China.[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Scattered forests, Sunny mountain slopes.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:151
  2. Phytochemicals
  3. Common names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 368
  5. Soil type required
  6. Cultivation Details

External Links