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Terminalia arjuna - Arjuna, White Marudah

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Nirmatti, Terminalia arjuna

Terminalia arjuna is a tree of the genus Terminalia. The arjuna grows upto 20–25 metres tall. Usually has a buttressed trunk and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. This plant is belongs to Cobretaceae family.


Atherosclerosis, Coronary artery disease, Myocardial infarction, Shortness of breath, Angina pectoris, Dyslipidemia, Hyper cholesterol, Hemorrhages, Bone Fractures.[1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves.

How to use

  • Cut out a slice of the bark to use. A thin slice of 2mm to 5mm should do.
  • Terminalia Arjuna usually sheds a thin layer of its bark in the run up to summer. This is not to be mistaken with the bark that is used for medicinal purpose.

Chemical Composition

Main chemical constitutes are tannins, triterpenoid saponins (arjunic acid, arjunolic acid, arjungenin and arjunic acid), flavonoids, gallic acid, ellagic acid and phytosterols.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kere matti
Hindi Arjuna
Malayalam Neer maruthu
Tamil Maruda maram
Telugu Thella maddi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Arjuna
English Arjuna tree


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Conical and oblong leaves. Leaves have a green color on the top and brown color below.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5 Flowering Time is March and June


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
General 2 to 5 cm Fruition Time Between September to November It has fibrous woody fruits Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


Season to grow

Seeds are sown in nursery beds in early summer.[4]

Soil type required

The tree prefers alluvial loamy or black cotton soils.[5]


Under natural conditions in India Terminalia arjuna grows along streams and rivers, from sea-level up to 1200 m altitude.[6]

How to plant/cultivate

Its fruit is dried in the sunlight and than stored up to 6 -12 months. Seeds are pretreated by soaking in the water for 48 hours before sowing in beds.[7]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Humid areas, Red lateritic soils, Borders of forests, Fertile lateritic soils.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:175
  2. Chemical Constituents
  3. Plant description
  4. Season to grow
  5. Soil type required
  6. Ecology
  7. Cultivation methods

External Links