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Sterculia foetida - Vitkhadirah

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Vitkhadirah, Sterculia foetida

Vitkhadirah, is a tall tree with digitate leaves and large woody pods. The seeds are edible and also used to make oil.


Rheumatism, Gonorrhoea

Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada baethaalada mara, basavana goota
Hindi jangli-badam
Malayalam pinari, pottakavalam
Tamil atikanari, attirappidukkan, cutiram, cutiramaram
Telugu gurapa, gurapubadam, gurrapubaadamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit putidaru, vitkhadirah
English Java Olive



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.












Kind Shape Feature
Palmately compound alternate clustered at the end of branchlets; stipules free, lateral, deciduous; rachis 8-24 cm long, slender, glabrous, swollen at base; leaflets 3-9; petiolule to 3 mm; lamina 5.5-14 x 2-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic oblanceolate, base cuneate, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-24, parallel, close, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, slender, prominent.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual or Polygamous axillary spiciform racemes Orange red 10 in axillary or terminal racemes, foetid smell; calyx dull orange red, deeply 5-partite, glabrous out side, woolly inside; petals absent; male flowers: staminal column curved, hairy at base, bearing 10-15 anthers at its tip; female flowers: ovary 5, free, superior, downy, each with 20 ovules, gynophore stout; styles deflexed, hairy; staminodes subsessile in a ring beneath the carpels.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Aggregate of follicles of 1-5, scarlet, boat shaped, 5-lobed, woody, glabrous; seeds black, numerous, ellipsoid, smooth, with a small yellow aril. {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seeds need to be sown when fresh. [3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


External Links