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Sida cordata - Bhumibala

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Bhumibala, Sida cordata

Bhumibala or Sida cordata is a perennial plant producing more or less herbaceous, procumbent stems up to 1 metre long from a woody rootstock.The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use / Ayurvedic medicine and source of fibre.


Pimples, Indigestion, Boils, Wounds, Gonorrhoea, Venereal diseases, Cuts[1]

Parts Used

Leaf, Root[1]

Chemical Composition

The following alkaloids were reported from S. cordifolia growing in India β-phenethylamine, ephedrine, pseudo-ephedrine, S-(+)-Nb-methyltryptophan methyl ester, hypaphorine, vasicinone, vasicinol, choline, and betaine[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bekkinathale Gida, Bekkina thale gida
Hindi Bhyunli, Bananiyar, Andiobal
Malayalam Palkurunthotti, Vallikurunthotti, Nela-vaga
Tamil Kurunthotti, Palampaci
Telugu Gayapuvaku, Benda, Tirunala
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bhumibala, Nagabala
English Heart leaf



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Unctuous)


Shita (Cooling)


Madhura (Sweet)




Perennial herb



Kind Shape Feature
Cordate Ovate Leaves are acute or acuminate, serrate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary, solitary Yellow 5 Pedicels to 2 cm long, filiform, articulated above the middle. Flowering from October to November


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Schizocarp 2.5 mm long; mericarps 5, to 3 x 2 mm Trigonous with rounded angles, apex shortly 2-beaked, completely enclosed in accrescent calyx Seeds are 2 mm long, reniform, brownish-black Fruiting season is October to November

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Manasaamritha Vatika[1]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed can be sown in late autumn/spring/summer. Either sow directly into ground or in a pot. Lightly cover with soil and keep moist until they begin to germinate[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Grassy roadsides in china, Uncultivated land, Undergrowth in forest.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.478, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  2. Phytochemistry
  3. Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2 by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No. 475
  4. Plant description
  5. Care and Cultivation

External Links