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Sesbania grandiflora - Agasti

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Agasti, Sesbania grandiflora

Agasti Sesbania grandiflora is a short-lived, soft-wooded, loosely-branching tree with a rather open crown; it can grow 8 - 15 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 25 - 30cm in diameter. A true multi-purpose tree, providing a range of foods, medicines, timber, gum and tannins, mainly for local use. The plant is cultivated in many tropical areas as an ornamental, a green manure crop, in soil reclamation schemes and for its many useful properties. It is sold as a vegetable in local markets.


Constipation, Diarrhea, Respiratory disorders, Food poisoning, Cracked feet [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Fruits, Root

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada agasemara, agasi
Hindi agast, agasti,
Malayalam agatti, akatti
Tamil agathi, agathi keerai
Telugu agasi, agathi, bakapushpam
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit agasthya, agasti, kumbhayonih, munidruma, vakrapushpa, munitaru



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)


katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate alternate Leaves 18-30 cm long; leaflets 12-25 pairs, 1.5-3.5 x 0.6-1.2 cm, oblong, base rounded, apex obtuse, emarginate, glabrous to appressed-pubescent on both surfaces, glaucous beneath; stipules 5-8 mm long, ovate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual racemes Pale yellow/purple 10 Racemes to 8 cm long, lax, 2-4-flowered. Flowers 7.5-10 cm long, pendulous; pedicels to 2 cm long; bracts and bracteoles 3-4 mm long, linear-oblong. Calyx 2-3 cm long, campanulate; lobes triangular. Corolla pink or white, 7.5 -10 cm long; standard to 10 x 6 cm, reflexed. Staminal sheath 3.5-6 cm long.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 30 - 45cm long, 5-8 mm wide slender, falcate or straight. Seeds c. 30, reddish-brown. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant is easily propagated by direct seeding, cuttings also easily sprout. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

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