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Senna tora - Chakramarda

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Senna tora, Caesalpinioideae

Senna tora occurs throughout the tropics, including India Sri Lanka and Philippines. Cassia tora is an important medicinal plant of Ayurveda. It is known as Chakramarda and Dadrughna due is due to its therapeutic efficacy to treat ringworm.


Indigestion, Stomachache, Skin diseases, Constipation, Oedema, Blotches, Glaucoma, Nyctalopia, Leucoderma.


Senna tora can be used in Food. Young leaves are cooked as vegetable. Seeds are used in curry and are roasted for use as a substitute for coffee.[1]

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

The oils obtained were analyzed by GC/MS. They consisted almost exclusively of sesquiterpenes. β-Caryophyllene, germacrene D and spathulenol were the compounds found more frequently and in relatively high proportions in some species [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Sogata
Hindi Panwar, Chakunda
Malayalam Sakramardakam
Tamil Senavu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Stinking Cassia, Chinese senna


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)




Nutritional components

Senna tora Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-E and C; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[1]


Tree, Shrub.



Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate alternate Unifoliolate, 3-foliolate, pari- or imparipinnate or bipinnately compound, then pinnae with one to numerous pairs of leaflets



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 9 or 10 Flowers usually bilaterally symmetrical, usually actinomorphic in subfamily Mimosoideae, and sometimes actinomorphic in Caesalpinioideae and Papilionoideae, usually hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
dehiscent 7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - scarify and then pre-soak the seed for 2 - 3 hours in warm water before sowing[4]. Senna tora is available through August to December[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropics, South Asia.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.136, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemistry
  3. Plant descrption
  4. Cultivation details

External Links