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Semecarpus anacardium - Agnimukh, Marking nut

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Agnimukh, Guḍḍe geru bija

Semecarpus anacardium is a native of India. it is found in the outer Himalayas to Coromandel Coast. It is closely related to the cashew.

Uses

Dyspepsia, Strengthen the lungs, Arthritis, Aphrodisiac, Piles, Sexual health, Skin disease, Kapha, Destroys worms, Wounds, Reduce urine flow[1]

Food

Semecarpus anacardium can be used in Food. Fresh or dried receptacles of the fruit are eaten raw. Kernel found inside the hard shell is eaten.[2]

Parts Used

Fruits, Gum, Pericarp.

Chemical Composition

Anacardic acid, cardol, catechol, anacardol and fixed oit, sernicarpoi, bhilawanol.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Geru, Geru-kayi
Hindi Bealata, Bela, Bhilava
Malayalam Thennukota, Alakcueer
Tamil Kalakam, Kavaka
Telugu Ballatamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Angika, Agnimukh, Ballataka
English Marking nut


Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Tri-foliolate,lanceolate Leafs are 2.5-13.5 cm long to 1-5.5 cm wide. The leaflets are green above and a silvery grey-green beneath and are covered on their lower surfaces in small yellow glands

.

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 14cm long Yellow, papilionaceous Typical of species belonging to the Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae, and resemble, for example, the pea ( Pisum sativum ) flower Flowering from August to March

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Ovoid The nut is about 25 millimetres long The seed inside the black fruit, known as godambi, is edible when properly prepared. Single seed Fruiting from August to March

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

Plants are adaptable to a variety of tropical and subtropical conditions[4]. Semecarpus anacardium is available through January to May[2]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Hotter parts, Deciduous forests of the Malaysian archipelago, Northern Australia.[5]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2 by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No. 256
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.134, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Bimbima medicines
  4. Trophical plants
  5. Planet ayurveda

External Links