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Schleichera oleosa - Kosamra

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Kosamra, Schleichera oleosa

Kosamra is a rather slow-growing, briefly deciduous tree that can reach a height of 40 metres. The bole, which is usually crooked and slightly buttressed, can be up to 2 metres in diameter, but is usually less. A multipurpose tree, supplying food, medicine and a range of commodities for local use. It is occasionally cultivated throughout the tropics, especially in India.


Skin diseases, Inflammation, Bleeding disorders, Ulcers, Diarrhea[1]


Schleichera oleosa can be used in Food. Shoots are cooked as vegetable. Raw fruits are pickled. Ripe fruits are eaten raw. Seeds are roasted and eaten.[2]

Parts Used

Bark, Seeds, Fruits

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada chagate, chendaala, kaakuta, kendaale
Hindi kausum, kosumb, kusum
Malayalam poovam, nidhavanji, puvatti
Tamil arakku, calakkam, cottilai, kancivaticcanpumaram, puvam
Telugu botanga, busi, kodalipulusu, maavithavitiki, madakapusu, sagadipusuku, pullakaya
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit ghanaskanda, kosamra, ksudramra, laksavrksa, mukulakah, raktamrah
English ceylon oak, kussum oil



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Amla (Sour)


Guru (Heavy)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata


Nutritional components

Schleichera oleosa Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-C; Betulic acid, Betulin, Lupeol; Calcium, Copper, Iron Magnesium, Manganese Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[2]





Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate alternate paripinnate, alternate, exstipulate; leaflets 4-6, opposite or subopposite, 5-15 x 1.8-4.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, ovate or obovate, apex acute or obtuse, base oblique or rarely obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; rachis 5.5-11.5 cm, stout, glabrous, swollen at base; lateral nerves 10-23, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual axillary spicate panicles Pale yellow 7-8 Flowers polygamodioecious, 5-6 mm across, greenish-yellow, in axillary spicate panicles. Male flowers: calyx lobes 5, valvate or obscurely imbricate; petals 0; disc complete, with the disc; stamens 7 or 8, free, inserted within the disc; filaments 1.5 mm, pilose; anthers oblong; pistillode small. Bisexual flowers: ovary 2 mm, superior, 3-celled, ovule 1 in each cell; style rigid, terete; stigma 2 or 3 lobed.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A drupe 16-18 mm across subcrustaceous, pointed, often echinate with stout rather blunt prickles, testa smooth, brown. seed 1 or 2, enclosed in a pulpy aril which has a pleasant acid taste {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Sow seeds directly in prepared soil. Seeds have a short viability so sow immediately after harvesting [5]. Schleichera oleosa is available through march to May[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.131, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Botonic description
  5. Cultivation details

External Links