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Raphanus sativus - Mulaka

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Mulaka, Raphanus sativus

Mulaka is a plant in the mustard family cultivated throughtout the world for its pungent edible roots.

Uses

Hemmarhoids, Burning sensation, Eye disorders, Cough.[1]

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Raphanus sativus consists of two terpenes (12–13), and two phenolic acids (14–15). All chemical structures were elucidated via 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopic methods, and further supported by comparison with literature data. Compound 11 was isolated from the genus Raphanus for the first time. Notably, Compounds 7, 9, and 12–14 were reported in the Brassicaceae family for the first time. The chemotaxonomic significance of these compounds is discussed.

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Moolangi,
Hindi Mooli
Malayalam Kankapal, Mullangi
Tamil Mullangi
Telugu Mullangi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Mulaka, Mulakam, Muli, Mulika
English Radish

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Laghu (Light)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Pitta, Vata, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Lyrate Alternate Lower leaves lyrate-pinnatifid, ovate-oblong in general outline, long-stalked, 3-5-jugate, terminal lobes suborbicular, rounded at apex, crenate along margins.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Racemes White/pink Racemes many flowered, up to 40 cm long in fruit. pedicels 1-2 cm long in fruit.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Siliqua 2-6 x 0.4-0.5 cm Beak conical, seedless, 1-2 cm long; valves spongy, scarsely ribbed, often obscurely constricted between seeds {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - sow in situ in succession. Germination takes place within a few days of sowing the seed. If you want a constant supply of the roots then you need to sow seed every 2 - 3 weeks. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub Tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links