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Raphanus sativus - Mulaka

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Mulaka, Raphanus sativus

Mulaka is a plant in the mustard family cultivated throughtout the world for its pungent edible roots.


Hemmarhoids, Burning sensation, Eye disorders, Cough.[1]

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves, Roots[2]

Chemical Composition

Raphanus sativus consists of two terpenes (12–13), and two phenolic acids (14–15). All chemical structures were elucidated via 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopic methods, and further supported by comparison with literature data. Compound 11 was isolated from the genus Raphanus for the first time. Notably, Compounds 7, 9, and 12–14 were reported in the Brassicaceae family for the first time. The chemotaxonomic significance of these compounds is discussed.

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Moolangi,
Hindi Mooli
Malayalam Kankapal, Mullangi
Tamil Mullangi
Telugu Mullangi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Mulaka, Mulakam, Muli, Mulika
English Radish



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Vata, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Lyrate Alternate Lower leaves lyrate-pinnatifid, ovate-oblong in general outline, long-stalked, 3-5-jugate, terminal lobes suborbicular, rounded at apex, crenate along margins.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Racemes White/pink Racemes many flowered, up to 40 cm long in fruit. pedicels 1-2 cm long in fruit.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Siliqua 2-6 x 0.4-0.5 cm Beak conical, seedless, 1-2 cm long; valves spongy, scarsely ribbed, often obscurely constricted between seeds {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Moolaka kshara, Moolakadi kashaya, Shushka mulaka taila, Sarshapadi pralepa, Punarnavaasava, Live 52[2]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - sow in situ in succession. Germination takes place within a few days of sowing the seed. If you want a constant supply of the roots then you need to sow seed every 2 - 3 weeks. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub Tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 3" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.1108, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  3. Vernacular names
  4. [Leaf info]
  5. Cultivation details

External Links