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Portulaca oleracea - Purslane

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Dudagorai, Lunia, Purslane, Portulaca oleracea

Portulaca oleracea is an annual succulent in the family Portulacaceae, which may reach 40 centimetres (16 in) in height.Approximately forty cultivars are currently grown.


Snake bites, Boils, Snakebites, Sores, Skin eruptions, Pain from bee stings, Bacillary dysentery, Diarrhea, Hemorrhoids, Postpartum bleeding, Intestinal bleeding, Cold, Weak digestion.


Portulaca oleracea can be used in Food. Entire shoot is cooked as vegetable. Young shoots are consumed as salad. Leaves dried and stored for use in times of scarcity.[1]

Parts Used

Stem, Leaves, Flowers

Chemical Composition

Alpha-linolenic, 0.01 mg/g of eicosapentaenoic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C, Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) and some vitamin B and carotenoids.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ದೊಡ್ಡ ಗೋಣಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು Dodda goni soppu
Hindi Khursa, Kulfa
Malayalam Koluppa
Tamil Koli-k-kirai
Telugu Boddupavilikoora, Boddupavilikura
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi Dhamni
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Loni, Lonika
English Common Indian Parselane



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.





Guru (Heavy), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Kaphahar and Vatahar, Pittakara, Chakshuya, Vanidoshhar



Nutritional components

Portulaca oleracea Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C and E; Oleracein A, Oleracein BZ, Oleracein E, Hesperidin; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[1].


Annual herb



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets Leaf arrangement is alternate there is one leaf per node along the stem and the edge of the leaf blade is entire (has no teeth or lobes)



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 10 There are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical)


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
General 4–7 mm The fruit is dry and splits open when ripe Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Requires a moist light rich well-drained soil in a sunny position[5]. Portulaca oleracea is available throughout the year[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

At meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.127, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Portulaca oleracea L on science direct
  3. Common names
  4. Characteristics
  5. Cultivation details

External Links