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Pongamia pinnata - Karanjah

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Pongamia pinnata is a genus of legume in the fabaceae family. Recently it has been proposed that the genus Pongamia be rejected in favor of the genus Millettia and many species have been reclassified. Due to recent interest in biofuels, Pongamia is often the generic name given for Millettia pinnata, a tree being explored for producing biodiesel.


Dyspepsia, Skin diseases, Rheumatic joints, Scabies, Bronchitis, Whooping cough, Febrifuge, Bleeding haemorrhoids[1]

Parts Used

Dried foliage, Whole herb.

Chemical Composition

The metabolities, beta-sitosteryl acetate and galactoside, stigma sterol, its galactoside and sucrose are being reported for the first time from this plant.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಹೊಂಗೆ ಮರ Honge mara, ಹುಲಿಗಿಲಿ ಮರ Huligili mara, ಕರಂಜ Karanja
Hindi Dithouri, Karuaini
Malayalam Avittal, Ungu, Unu, Pungu
Tamil Pungan, Pongana
Telugu Lamiga, Kanuga
Marathi Karanja
Gujarathi Kanajo, Karanji
Punjabi Karanj
Kashmiri Kath
Sanskrit Karanjaka, Natkamala
English Smooth leaved pongamia



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata



Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature
Imparipinnate Ovate-oblong Leaflets 5-7, opposite, leaflet 4.5-12 x 2-7 cm, margin entire, secondary veins 5 - 8 pairs, pinnate, tertiary veins reticulate, obscure.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 15-18mm long Purplish white 10 Flowers bisexual, purplish-white, 15-18 mm long, in lax axillary racemes, axis pubescent; bracts small, cauducous.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pod 4-5 x 2-2.5 cm Obliquely oblong, flat, thick, pointed at both ends, indehiscent, slightly falcate One {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds, remaining viable for sometime, require no special scarification. Direct sowing is usually successful. Seedlings transplant easily from the nursery after about a year. Root suckers are rather plentiful as well. It is a rapid-growing coppice species that can be cloned.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

River banks, Coastal areas.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:357
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Common names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 316
  5. Cultivation Details

External Links