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Plectranthus amboinicus - Karpuravalli, Doddapatre

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Karpuravalli, dodda pathre

Plectranthus amboinicus once identified as Coleus amboinicus is a tender fleshy perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae with an oregano-like flavor and odor and native to Southern and Eastern Africa.


Respiratory problem, Cancer, Stress, Anxiety, Skin eruptions, Kidney problems, Fever, Irritable bowel syndrome, Sore throats

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

Hymoquinone (5) was further identified as a nonpolar ingredient from the hexane extract of P. amboinicus to suppress the expression of lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). We then synthesized 2-alkylidenyl-4-cyclopentene-1,3-diones as the designed biomimetics of thymoquinone, and found that compounds 8a, 8b and 8d were more potent TNF-α inhibitors[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Dodda pathre soppu, Karpoora valli
Hindi Patta ajwain
Malayalam Panikkurkka
Tamil Karpuravalli
Telugu Sugandhavalkam
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Karpuravalli
English Cuban Oregano, Indian borage


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata



Perennial plant



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Evergreen Foliage Color is White, Light Green, Gray Green



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White, Pink, Lavender Single Flower Interest is Showy


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
General 7–10 mm Fragrant Fruit is present Fruit Color is Sandy Brown {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Plectranthus amboinicus is a plant that ranges from warm temperate areas with dry, mild winters to tropical areas with dry to wet climates[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, At meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


External Links