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Phyllanthus emblica - Emblic, Amalaki

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Nelli Subbi, Phyllanthus emblica

Phyllanthus emblica tree is small to medium in size, reaching 1–8 m in height. The branchlets aren't glabrous or finely pubescent. It can grows up to 10–20 cm long.


Heart attack, Fast heartbeat, High blood presure, Migraine, Sheen of the hair, Immunomodulator, Daibetes, Aphrodisiac, Anaemia[1].


Phyllanthus emblica can be used in Food. Mature fruits are eaten raw or pickled. Pieces of fruits are dried and stored for future use.[2]

Parts Used

Bark, Seeds, Leaves, Fruits, Flowers[1].

Chemical Composition

Although these fruits are reputed to contain high amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), up to 445 mg per 100 g, the specific contents are disputed, and the overall bitterness of amla may derive instead from its high density of ellagitannins.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Nellikayi
Hindi Amla, Aonla
Malayalam Embali, Amli
Tamil Nellikkai, Nelli
Telugu Usirika
Marathi Anvala, Avalkathi
Gujarathi Ambala, Amala
Punjabi Aula, Amla
Kashmiri Vasa
Sanskrit Aamalaka, Amruthphala
English Emblic Myrobalan



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet), Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent), Aamla


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (Cold)




Tridoshajit, Vrishya, Rasaayana, Caksusya


Nutritional components

Phyllanthus emblica Contains the Following nutritional components like - Galic acid, phyllenblin, ellagic acid terchebin, corialgin and ellagic acid; 1, 3, 6-trigalloylglucose; lupeol and β- sitosterol, Tannins, Polyphenolic compounds, alkaloids; Vitamin C[2]





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Subsessile The leaves are closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-6cm long Greenish-yellow Quite smooth and hard on appearance, with six vertical stripes or furrows. Flowering from March to November


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Spherical 2-6cm Syncarp, Subglobose or ellipsoid with long echinate processes, orange when ripe Single seed Fruiting from March to November {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Airlayers.

How to plant/cultivate

The light and medium heavy soils except prely sandy soil is ideal for amla cultivation[5]. Phyllanthus emblica is available through December to May[3].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Trophical area, Hill slop.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.847, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.125, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  4. Ayur help
  5. Agrifarming

External Links