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Phyllanthus amarus - Bhuamlaki

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nela nelli, Black catnip, Phyllanthus amarus

Phyllanthus amarus is widely used as a medicinal plant in Ayurvedic medicine. A suppository of the leaf paste is applied to the vagina to treat absence of menstruation and polyps. Leaf sap, mixed with palm oil or not, is applied as ear drops to treat otitis and applied to abscesses, sores and wounds.


Diarrhea, Cold, Fever, Gynecology, Arthritis, Diabetes, Backache[1]

Parts Used

Whole plant[1]

Chemical Composition

Numerous phytochemicals such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, lignans and polyphenolics as well as tetracyclic triterpenoids have identified etc.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kempu Nela nelli
Hindi Bhuy aamla
Malayalam Keezhar nelli
Tamil Keezha nelli
Telugu Neala usiri
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bhumyamalaki
English Carry me seed


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Annual herb



Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Elliptic to oblong Each branch has 12-32 leaves. The leaves are elliptic to oblong, to 1.5 cm, with an entire margin and with a rounded or apiculate leaf apex



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Very small cymes Bright yellow 3 stamens The 1st and 2nd cymes nearest the man stem have only staminate flowers. Flowering season is throughout the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 7.5–11 cm long, 1.5 cm broad A dry capsule, dehiscent, vertically muriculate. Fruiting throughout the year Seeds 6 Fruiting season is throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Amritapaasha, Amritapaasha Grita, Actilive forte, Ayurviya, Improval, Ictrus, Imidige, Curelive, Chavanapraash, Chavanapraash Lehyam, Japapatriyaadi Tailam, Nasollerine Capsule, Pippalyadi Gritham, Madhunivar, Restolive, Livelon Forte, Lecofit, Vimlive, Shatavari Gudam, Shatavari Lehyam, Suriya[1]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Requires a sunny position. Sandy loam and black soils with a pH of 7.5 - 8 are considered best.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Drained sandy-loam soil.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.533, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 304
  4. Cultivation Details

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