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Phoenix sylvestris - Kharjura

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Kharjura, Phoenix sylvestris

Kharjura is wild date palm is a very tall. It is fast-growing, unbranched, single-stemmed palm with recurving, plumose, glaucous fronds, growing 4 - 15 metres tall. Typically, the plant has a swollen base and retains the leaf bases on the trunk.


Improves digestion strength, Improves strength and immunity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Anaemia, Cough.[1]


Phoenix sylvestris can be used in Food. Mature fruits are eaten raw. Sap is drunk as a soft drink.[2]

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves, Root[3].

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Eechalu, Eechala mara
Hindi Khajoor, Khajri
Malayalam Intappana, Kharjjuram
Tamil Icham ,Periaitcham
Telugu Etha chettu, Peddaeeta
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kharjura, Skandhappala
English Wild date palm



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)


Sheeta (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Pitta, Vata


Nutritional components

Phoenix sylvestris Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin C, Phenols, Calcium, copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Potasium, Phosphurus, sodium and Zinc.[2]





Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Clustered at the top Leaves 3-4.5 m long, greyish-green, with a few short(to 10 cm) spines at the base; pinnules numerous, linear, 15-45 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, ending in short points.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Spadix Pale yellow 3 Fragrant, borne in spadices; male flowers white, female greenish. Flowering season is May-November


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry 2.5-3.2 cm long Fruiting spadix about 90 cm long, bearing oblong-ellipsoid berries, 2.5-3.2 cm long, orange-yellow when ripe Seed approximately 1.7 cm long, deeply grooved with rounded ends Fruiting season is May-November

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Balaprasha, Eladi vati, Drakshadi churna, Shatavaryadi churna[6]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in containers, otherwise sow the seed as soon as you obtain it. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 months[7]. Phoenix sylvestris is available through January to October[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.124, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.136, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Botonic description
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation details

External Links