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Oroxylum indicum - Shyonaka

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Oroxylum indicum, Shyonaka

Shyonaka is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Bignoniaceae. It is a tree which can reach a height of 12 metres.


Wounds, Cuts, Snakebites, Curing liver disorders, Skin eruptions, Blotches, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats.[1]


Oroxylum indicum can be used in Food. Flowers are cooked as vegetable. Unripe fruits are pickled.[2]

Parts Used

Roots, Leaves, Fruits, Seeds

Chemical Composition

Baicalein, oroxylin and pinostrobin along with one sterol, Stigmast.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Tattuna
Hindi Bhut-vriksha
Malayalam Palaqapayyani
Tamil Cori-konnai
Telugu Pampena
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aralu, Shyonaka
English Broken Bones Tree, Indian Trumpet Flower


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet0


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata


Nutritional components

Oroxylum indicum Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A, B and C; polyphenols baicalein, oroxylin A and chrysin, ursolic acid, benzoic acid; Tannins[2].





Kind Shape Feature
Compound Triangular 2-3 pinnate, pinnae 5-9; imparipinnate, opposite; leaflets 3-5 in each pinnae, opposite, 7.5-15 x 4-9 cm, ovate, apex acuminate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 10cm long Reddish-purple and pinkish-yellow 5 Flowers in terminal racemes, large, reddish-purple and pinkish-yellow within


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Flat 30-90 cm long Compressed, tapering at both ends Seeds thin, papery, 5-6 cm long, winged all around except at base. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seed is the best propagation material and should be collected before split- ting of pods during February–March. Seed germination percentage is 80%–90% without any pretreatment[6]. Oroxylum indicum is available through June to December[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:161
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.121, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical constituents
  4. Morphology
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation details

External Links