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Nicotiana tabacum - Dhumrapatra

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Dhumrapatra, Nicotiana tabacum

Nicotiana tabacum is an annual or short-lived perennial, erect. It can grow 70 - 250cm tall. The most widely grown tobacco species. It is a rich source of the alkaloid nicotine and has a long history of use as a medicinal plant and social stimulant.


Joint pain, Skin diseases, Scorpion stings, Piles, Nausea [1]

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

The leaves of Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) contain the toxic alkaloid, nicotine as a major constituent and several other pyridine alkaloids as minor constituents. Transdermal nicotine is now widely used as an aid to smoking cessation.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Hogesoppu, Tambaku
Hindi Tamaku, Tumak
Malayalam Puka-yila, Pukayil
Tamil Pukaiyilai, Puhaiyilai, Nattuppukaiyilai
Telugu Dhoomrapathramu, Pogaaku
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dhumapatram, Gucchaphala
English Tobacco



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Teekshna (Strong)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves alternate, decurrent on stems; leaf blade ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, 30(-70) × 8-15(-30) cm, membranous, glandular hairy, base narrowed, nearly half clasping, apex acuminate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal panicles White-pink 10 Inflorescences many-flowered, much-branched panicles; pedicel 0.5-2 cm.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsules Capsules ellipsoid or ovoid; seeds brown, rounded, ca. 0.5 mm in diam

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - there is no dormancy, except that freshly harvested seed should be allowed a post-ripening period of 3 weeks. Surface sown, preferably in light shade, the seed usually germinates within 10 - 20 days at 20°c.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. Journal article - "Chemical Constituents from Nicotiana tabacum L. and Their Antifungal Activity"
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Botonic description
  5. Cultivation details

External Links