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Nelumbo nucifera is perennial water plant, growing from a tuberous rootstock lying in mud at the bottom of lakes and ponds. The plant produces large leaves which float on the surface of the water. The Sacred Lotus of India has a long history of use as a food crop and medicine in tropical and subtropical Asia, where it is also seen as a symbol of purity and beauty. The plant is often cultivated for food and medicine and is often sold in markets. This plant is belongs to Nelubonaceae family.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
Nelumbo nucifera can be used in Food. Starchy rhizome is cooked as vegetable. Bhaji (Pakodas) are made by coating the cut pieces of rhizome with batter of gram flour and then frying in oil. Rhizome is sometimes pickled. Boiled leaf stalks and flowers are consumed as vegetable. Seeds eaten raw, roasted or cooked.
A phytochemical investigation of N. nucifera leaves led to the isolation of 13 megastigmanes (1-13), including a new megastigmane, nelumnucifoside A (1), and a new eudesmane sesquiterpene, nelumnucifoside B (14), eight alkaloids (15-22), and 11 flavonoids.
|Kannada||ಕಮಲ Kamala, ತಾವರೆ Tavare|
|English||Lotus, Sacred lotus|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Nelumbo nucifera Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and C; Choline; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
A plant of the subtropics and tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,400 metres, it can also be grown in cooler climates that have a hot growing season of at least 5 months. Nelumbo nucifera is available through July to October.
Commonly seen growing in areas
- Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:155
- Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
- "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.118, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
- Common names