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Nelumbo nucifera

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Nelumbo nucifera is perennial water plant, growing from a tuberous rootstock lying in mud at the bottom of lakes and ponds. The plant produces large leaves which float on the surface of the water. The Sacred Lotus of India has a long history of use as a food crop and medicine in tropical and subtropical Asia, where it is also seen as a symbol of purity and beauty. The plant is often cultivated for food and medicine and is often sold in markets. This plant is belongs to Nelubonaceae family.[1]


Premature ejaculation, Abdominal cramps, Bloody discharges, Gastric ulcers, Excessive menstruation, Post-partum haemorrhage, Haemolysis, Uterine bleeding.[2]


Nelumbo nucifera can be used in Food. Starchy rhizome is cooked as vegetable. Bhaji (Pakodas) are made by coating the cut pieces of rhizome with batter of gram flour and then frying in oil. Rhizome is sometimes pickled. Boiled leaf stalks and flowers are consumed as vegetable. Seeds eaten raw, roasted or cooked.[3]

Parts Used

Roots, Stem, Young leaves, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

A phytochemical investigation of N. nucifera leaves led to the isolation of 13 megastigmanes (1-13), including a new megastigmane, nelumnucifoside A (1), and a new eudesmane sesquiterpene, nelumnucifoside B (14), eight alkaloids (15-22), and 11 flavonoids.[4]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಕಮಲ Kamala, ತಾವರೆ Tavare
Hindi Kamal, Padma
Malayalam Tamara
Tamil Tamarai
Telugu Tamara-puvvu
Marathi Kamal, Padma
Gujarathi Kamal, Padma
Punjabi Kanwal
Kashmiri Kamal
Sanskrit Kamalam, Padma
English Lotus, Sacred lotus



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Nelumbo nucifera Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and C; Choline; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[3]





Kind Shape Feature



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Division in spring.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the subtropics and tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,400 metres, it can also be grown in cooler climates that have a hot growing season of at least 5 months[7]. Nelumbo nucifera is available through July to October[3].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Found in large lakes.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:155
  2. Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.118, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  4. constituents
  5. Common names
  6. [Morphology]
  7. Cultivation

External Links