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Murraya koenigii - Girinimba

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Karibevu, Murraya koenigii, Curry tree

Murraya koenigii belonging to Family Rutaceae. Murraya Koenigii is a highly values plant for its characteristic aroma and medicinal value. It is an important export commodity from India as it fetches good foreign revenue.


Diarrhea, Gastric problems, Cancer, Cholesterol, Hairfall, Eyesight, Pathogen attack, Liver problems, Skin problems[1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Crust, Fruits.[1]

Chemical Composition

Thirty-four compounds consisting of 97.4% of the oil were identified. The major constituents identified were α-pinene (51.7%), sabinene (10.5%), β-pinene (9.8%), β-caryophyllene (5.5%), limonene (5.4%), bornyl acetate (1.8%), terpinen-4-ol (1.3%), γ-terpinene (1.2%) and α-humulene (1.2%).[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Gandhabevu, Kari-bevinagida
Hindi Kari patta
Malayalam Kareapela
Tamil Karivepillai
Telugu Karepaku, Karepeku
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Alakavhaya, Chhardighna
English Curry Leaf



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Pinnate The leaves are pinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, each leaflet 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm broad



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 The flowers are small white, and fragrant. Flowering from February to April


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 mm Clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown Many Fruiting from February to April

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Chundai Vittral Churnam[1]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Periodical hoeing and in the first year intercrop like pulses can be grown[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.244 and 247, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Plant description
  4. Inter cultivation

External Links