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Mucuna monosperma

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Mucuna monosperma

Mucuna monosperma is a large woody climber from the family Fabaceae. It is found in India, including the Eastern Himalayas, the Northeastern states and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand.

Uses

Cough, Asthma, Cold, Toothache, Wound[1]

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves, Stem, Seeds[1]

Chemical Composition

Mucuna seeds like, 5- hydroxytryptamine, 5-methoxy- N, N- dimethyltryptamine- N- oxide, 5- oxyindole- 3- alkylamine, 6- methoxyharman, arahidic- acid, arginine, ash, asparticacid, behenicacid, betacarboline, betasitosterol. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಅಣಿಪೆ ಬಳ್ಳಿ Anipe balli
Hindi Kariyasem
Malayalam Malanthalli
Tamil Periya-tellukkay
Telugu Enugadulagondi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Katavaagni, Dadhipushpi
English Negro Bean, Trible pulse


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Trifoliate, ovate-oblong Leaflets that are 7-10 cm long

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Purple Flowers are borne in 6-12 flowered hanging racemes, 10-20 cm long, in leaf axils. Flowering season is November to January and April to May

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fruiting season is November to January and April to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

Mucuna species generally grow best in a shady position in a humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Lowland forest, Thickets, Disturbed forest and clearings.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.32, Published by #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Chemical composition
  3. Morphology
  4. Cultivation Details

External Links