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Morinda citrifolia - Noni

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Morinda citrifolia - Noni

Morinda citrifolia is a fruit-bearing tree in the coffee family Rubiaceae. It is native range extends across Southeast Asia and Australasia. Among some 100 names for the fruit across different regions are the more common English names of great morinda, Indian mulberry, noni, beach mulberry, and cheese fruit.


Colds, Flu, Diabetes, Anxiety, High blood pressure.

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Morinda citrifolia fruit contains a number of phytochemicals, including lignans, oligo- and polysaccharides, flavonoids, iridoids, fatty acids, scopoletin, catechin, beta-sitosterol, damnacanthal, and alkaloids.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Tagase maddi
Hindi Bartundi बारतुन्डी
Malayalam Mannapavatta
Tamil Nuna
Telugu Mogali
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Indian Mulberry, Great morinda


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)







Kind Shape Feature
Simple Elliptic to elliptic-ovate 20–45 cm long, 7–25 cm wide, glabrous. Petioles stout, 1.5–2 cm long. Stipules connate or distinct, 1–1.2 cm long



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 75–90 in ovoid to globose heads Corolla white 5–lobed, the tube greenish white, 7–9 mm long, the lobes oblong-deltate, approximately 7 mm long


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple Fruit Fleshy, 5–10 cm long, about 3–4 cm in diameter, soft and fetid when ripe Yellowish white {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings, Air layering.

How to plant/cultivate

Noni is relatively easy to propagate. It can be propagated from seeds, stem or root cuttings, and air layering. The preferred methods of propagation are by seed and by cuttings made from stem verticals.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Lowland forest, Coastal forests.

Photo Gallery


External Links