Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Melia azedarach

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Melia azedarach

Melia azedarach, commonly known as the chinaberry tree, Pride of India, bead-tree, Cape lilac, syringa berrytree, Persian lilac, Indian lilac, or white cedar, is a species of deciduous tree in the mahogany family, Meliaceae, that is native to Indomalaya and Australasia.


Antioxidative, Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory, Insecticidal,Rodenticidal, Antidiarrhoeal,Deobstruent, Diuretic,Antidiabetic, Cathartic.

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

Azedarach including Flavonoid, phytosterols, Diterpene, alkane hydrocabon, n-alkanoic acid, vitamin-E and Tri-terpene, Terpene alcohol. A new limonoid, two new anthraquinones and a new glycosyl derivative of ellagic acid were isolated and identified in the roots of Melia composita. [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kadu Bevu
Hindi Bakain, Drek, Deikna, Bakarja, Malla Nim
Malayalam Malaveppu
Tamil Malaivembu, Mallay Vembu, Puvempu, Malaivembu
Telugu Turakavepa, Taraka Vepa
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Ramyaka, Dreka
English Persian Lilac, Chinaberry, Bead Tree, Bastard Cedar, Indian/Barbados/Cape Lilac, Bakain, Drek, Deikna


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.












Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate The leaves are up to 50 cm long, alternate, long-petioled, two or three times compound (odd-pinnate) the leaflets are dark green above and lighter green below, with serrate margins.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Small Pale purple 5 Growing in clusters. sepals 5-lobed, 1 cm long; petals 5-lobed, 0.9 cm long, pubescent; staminal tube deep purple-blue, 0.5 cm long, 1 cm across.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple Fruit The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, hanging on the tree all winter, and gradually becoming wrinkled and almost white. Light yellow at maturity {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Although successful vegetative propagation through stem cuttings, root suckers and air layering has been reported, propagation is usually by seed. Drupes need to be macerated until the seed can be gently eased out. Seeds are soaked in water for 1-2 days, depulped, and dried in the shade. They can be stored in a cool and well-ventilated place, in cloth or gunny bags. Plastic and other airtight containers should not be used for seed storage. Seed should be planted within two weeks after harvesting, as viability drops rapidly thereafter. Sowing is mostly done in a nursery at 15 cm × 2.5 cm in a sunny place, keeping the seed lightly covered with soil or mulch. Seedlings may be thinned to 15 cm × 15 cm when 2 months old, and transplanted when 7-10 cm tall. [3]

Commonly seen growing in areas


Photo Gallery


External Links