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Melaleuca leucadendron

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Melaleuca leucadendron

Melaleuca leucadendra, commonly known as weeping paperbark, long-leaved paperbark or white paperbark is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is widespread in northern Australia, Southeast Asia, New Guinea and the Torres Strait Islands.


Healing skin cuts, Burns and infections, Treating respiratory problems.

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of cananga oil was analyzed by GC-MS. GC-MS analysis showed that 23 compounds have been identified. The main compounds of cananga oil were caryophyllene (36.44%), â-linalool (5.97%), á-caryophyllene (9.61%), germacrene D (17.23%) and benzyl benzoate (7.18%). [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Hindi शीतांशु Shitanshu, विशाहा Vishaha
Malayalam Cajeputier
Tamil கையாப்புடை kaiyapputai
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit कायापुटी kayaputi
English Cajuput Tree, Fine leaf melaleuca, Punk tree, Swamp tea tree, white tea tree, White wood


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.












Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate and long The leaves are light green and feathery. 12-15cm long in length


Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Melaleuca leucadendra is a large tree, usually less than, but sometimes more than 20 m (70 ft) tall. Its thick bark is papery, usually white but also pinkish or cream and it has weeping branches. Its leaves and young branches are covered with fine, short, white hairs when young but become glabrous as they mature. The leaves are arranged alternately, 75–270 mm (3–10 in) long, 6.5–40 mm (0.3–2 in) wide, flat, narrow egg-shaped or lance-shaped and tapering to a point. The leaves have 5 (sometimes as many as 9) longitudinal veins and are often curved or sickle-shaped.

The flowers are cream, white or greenish-white and are arranged in spikes on the ends of branches which continue to grow after flowering, sometimes on the sides of branches or in the upper leaf axils. Each spike is up to 35 mm (1 in) in diameter, up to 80 mm (3 in) long and contains between 7 and 22 groups of flowers in threes. The petals are 3–4 mm (0.1–0.2 in) wide and fall off soon after the flower opens. The stamens are arranged in five bundles around the flower and each bundle contains 5 to 12 stamens. Flowering can occur at any time of the year and is followed by fruit which are woody capsules, 3.9–4.9 mm (0.15–0.19 in) long in loose clusters along the stems.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

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