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Madhuca longifolia - Indian butter tree
Butter tree is a deciduous tree with a large, spreading, rounded crown that can grow 16 metres or more tall.A multipurpose tree that is very important to the local economy, supplying a range of foods, medicines and other commodities.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
Madhuca longifolia can be used in Food. Fleshy corolla is eaten raw and used in sweet preparations. Dried flowers are floured and used for making Bhakari (bread). Flowers are fermented to make liquor. Oil is extracted from seeds.
It consists of Glycosides, flavonoids, terpenes and saponins. The pharmacological studies proved that it possess wide range of biological activities such as antiulcer, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities.
|English||Honey tree, Butter tree|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Madhuca longifolia Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-C, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Folic acid, Betaine, , Palmitic acid, Stearic acid, Oleic, Linoleic acid, Tannins.
|Paripinnate||Oblong||Leaf Arrangement is Alternate-spiral|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||2-4cm long||Pink||Flowering: February-April, May-June|
|Oblong pod||Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled||Seeds upto 5||Fruiting: February-April, May-June|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
A plant of the subtropics to the hot tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1200metres. Able to resist some frost, it grows in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 2 - 46Â°c. Madhuca longifolia is available through November to January.
Commonly seen growing in areas
- ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.73, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
- "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.106, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
- Chemical constituents