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Lawsonia inermis - Mendhika

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Henna is a flowering plant and the sole species of the Lawsonia genus. It is a heavily-scented, much-branched, slender, evergreen shrub or small tree. It usually grows up to 6 metres tall. [1]


Bleeding, Nerve deseases, Amoebic dysentery, Wounds, Skin eruptions, Ulcers, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats.

Parts Used

Leaves, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

The major components were ethyl hexadecanoate (24.4%), (E)-methyl cinnamate (11.4%), isocaryophyllene (8.1%), (E)-β-ionone (5.8%) and methyl linolenate (4.1%).[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Goranta, Gorante
Hindi Hena
Malayalam Mail-anschi, Mailanci
Tamil Aivanam, Aivanam
Telugu Goranta, Gorata
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dvivranta, Kokadanta
English Henna


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Henna is a thorny evergreen shrub that can reach up to 6.0 m in heightThe leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 The fragrant flowers are whitish or pink to brick red and sit in a pyramid-shaped inflorescence


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 mm The fruit is a blue-black berry Single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings, Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - germinates best at temperatures around 25°c. Because of their hard seedcoats, the seeds have to be pre-germinated before sowing.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Warmer parts of South and North America, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:127
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Plant description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation Details

External Links