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Lawsonia inermis - Mendhika

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Henna is a flowering plant and the sole species of the Lawsonia genus. It is a heavily-scented, much-branched, slender, evergreen shrub or small tree. It usually grows up to 6 metres tall. The stems and older branches can be spiny. Henna has been used for thousands of years, especially in India, as a cosmetic and hair dye. It is one of the oldest cosmetics in the world and its leaves are used to colour the fingernails, to paint or decorate the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, and to dye the hair. This plant is belongs to Lythraceae family.[1]


Bleeding, Nerve deseases, Amoebic dysentery, Wounds, Skin eruptions, Ulcers, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats.

Parts Used

Leaves, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

The major components were ethyl hexadecanoate (24.4%), (E)-methyl cinnamate (11.4%), isocaryophyllene (8.1%), (E)-β-ionone (5.8%) and methyl linolenate (4.1%).[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Goranta, Gorante
Hindi Hena
Malayalam Mail-anschi, Mailanci
Tamil Aivanam, Aivanam
Telugu Goranta, Gorata
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dvivranta, Kokadanta
English Henna


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Henna is a thorny evergreen shrub that can reach up to 6.0 m in heightThe leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 The fragrant flowers are whitish or pink to brick red and sit in a pyramid-shaped inflorescence


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 mm The fruit is a blue-black berry Single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings, Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - germinates best at temperatures around 25°c. Because of their hard seedcoats, the seeds have to be pre-germinated before sowing.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Warmer parts of South and North America, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:127
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Plant description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation Details

External Links