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Jatropha curcas - Darvanti

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Darvanti, Jatropha curcas

Darvanti is a species of Flowering plant in the spurge family. It is native to the American tropics, most likely Mexico and Central America. It is also known as Jatropha curcas, Barbados nut, purging nut, physic nut etc.


Ulcer, Tumour, Scabies, Wounds, Haemorrhoid, Splenomegaly, Skin diseases, Rheumatism, Paralysis, Warts, Scabies, Eczema, Ringworm, Piles, Wounds, Toothache[1].

Parts Used

Shoots, Leaf, Stem, Plant oil[1].

Chemical Composition

Leaves had lesser concentration of chemicals where were 1.99 % N, 0.14 % P, 1.08% K, 2.95% total carbohydrates, 12.46% protein, 2.47 mg.g-1 total chlorophyll, 0.40 mg.g-1 carotenoids, amino acids [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Beli oudala, Bettda haralu
Hindi Jamal ghota
Malayalam Kattamank, Katalavanakku
Tamil Karuvelai
Telugu Nepalam, Adavi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Darvanti, Kaanana Eranda
English Physic Nut, Jatropha



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Small tree



Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Subopposite The leaves have significant variability in their morphology. In general, the leaves are green to pale green, alternate to subopposite, and three- to five-lobed with a spiral phyllotaxis



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2.5 cm long Bright yellow 5 petals 10 male flowers to each female flower.[18] The inflorescence can be formed in the leaf axil. Flowering from April to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Lomentum Fruits are produced in winter, or there may be several crops during the year if soil moisture is good and temperatures are sufficiently high 12-20 seeds Fruiting From April to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Stem cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Cultivation is uncomplicated. Both seeds and cuttings will work. Jatropha curcas grows in tropical and subtropical regions.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Wild forest area, Dry arid area.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.539, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Nutritional value
  3. Botanical features
  4. Cultivation Details

External Links