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Ipomoea purpurea - Kalanjani

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Ipomoea purpurea, Purple morning glory, common morning-glory

Purple morning glory is a species in the genus Ipomoea family. It is native to Mexico and Central America. Like all morning glories the plant entwines itself around structures. It grows up to a height of 2–3 m tall.


Oedema, Oliguria, Ascariasia, Constipation, Mental disorders, Blotches, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, Flowers.

Chemical Composition

The seeds of Ipomoea violacea contain about 0.1% ergot alkaloids, including ergotmetrine, chanoclavine and lysergol[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Gowri beeja, Kolli beeja
Hindi Jharmaric
Malayalam Taliyari
Tamil Kakkattan, Kotikkakkattan
Telugu Kollivittulu, Jiriki, kolli
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kalanjani
English Blue Morning Glory


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Katu (Pungent), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata



Annual climbing herb



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate The leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 4–6 cm Red–violet–blue 5 Blade widely cordate, sometimes 3-lobed, with entire margin, base deeply lobed


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome Fruiting time is July–August With hooked hairs Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Grow annuals in a sunny, sheltered site. They need a lot of sun. Plant in moderately fertile, well-drained soil.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Cultivated ground, Wetland and coastal area, Banks of watercourses.

Photo Gallery


External Links