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Indigofera tinctoria - Asita, Nili

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Asita, Nili, Indigofera tinctoria

Nili has a very long history of use as a dye. Because of its fascinating deep blue colour, Its great colour fastness to light and the wide range of colours obtained by combining it with other natural dyes, it has been called 'the king of dyes' and no other dye plants have had such a prominent place in as many civilizations as this genus.


Poisoning, Splenomegaly, Bloating, Worm infestation, Wound healing [1]

Parts Used

Whole plant

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ajura, Anjooraneeli ಅಂಜೂರ ನೀಲಿ
Hindi Neel, Nil, Nil-ka-jhar
Malayalam Madhuparnnika, Nilam, Nili
Tamil Avuri, Avuri ilai, Nilam
Telugu Aviri, Konda nili
Marathi Neel, Nili
Gujarathi Gali
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Anjanakesika, Asita,
English Indigo



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Alternate Leaflets opposite, 5-22 x 5-12 mm, elliptic to obovate, base and apex rounded, darkening on drying; stipules c. 2 mm long, subulate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary spicate racemes Reddish Flowers 5-7 mm long, red; pedicels c. 1 mm long. Flowering through out the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 2-3 cm long, c. 2 mm wide Linear Straight or slightly curved, 8-12-seeded, straight or slightly curved, 8-12-seeded. Fruiting through out the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - pre-soak overnight in warm water and sow in a seedbed with partial shade. Germination takes about 4 days. Semi-ripe cuttings of lateral shoots with a heel. Root cuttings.[5]

Season to grow


Required Ecosystem/Climate


Kind of soil needed

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. Vernacular names
  3. Botonic description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation details
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Season to grow
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Required Ecosystem/Climate

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