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Hordeum vulgare - Aksata

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Barley, Hordeum vulgare

Hordeum vulgare is a member of the grass family. It is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally. It was one of the first cultivated grains, particularly in Eurasia as early as 13,000 years ago. Barley grains are commonly made into malt in a traditional and ancient method of preparation.Its germination time is one to three days.


Styptic, wound healer, Musculoskeletal disorder, abcess, snake bite, boils, sudation therapy, herpes, impure breast milk, fumigation in wound, boils, wounded patient ward.[1]

Parts Used

Grain, Germinate seeds, Dried fruits, Whole plant.

Chemical Composition

Vulgare contains the phenolics caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid, the ferulic acid 8,5'-diferulic acid, the flavonoids catechin-7-O-glucoside, saponarin, catechin, procyanidin B3, procyanidin C2, and prodelphinidin B3, and the alkaloid hordenine.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Jaave godi
Hindi Jau
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Hordeum vulgare


Erect graminoid



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Shaith hair There are hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath, but the hairs do not have blisters at their bases.


Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 1 in each spikelet White to pale yellow Glumes - Persistent, hardened. Tip extended into a rough awn up to 100 mm long, or may be awnless.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Grain Oval Grooved, awned glumes firmly attached Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed sown broadcast or in shallow furrows about 22 cm apart, dropped through a drill. Depth of sowing 1.3–4.5 cm. Seeding rates vary from 67 to 101 kg/ha. Crop requires very little interculture or weeding.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Temperate areas, Tropical areas.

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