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Holostemma adakodien - Arkapushpi, Holostemma

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Arkapushpi, Holostemma

Arkapushpi is a genus of Flowering plants formerly belonging to the plant family Asclepiadaceae. The genus was first described in 1810. As presently constituted, the genus contains only one known species, Holostemma ada-kodien. It is native to southern Asia (China, Nepal, Pakistan, Kashmir, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand).


Pregnancy care, Eye care, Skin diseases, Ulcers, Wounds, Gonorrhoea, Diarrhea, Cough, Loss of appetite, Stomachache, Ulcers.


Arkapushpi can be used in Food. Fleshy flower buds and tender fruits are cooked as vegetable. Buds sometimes eaten raw.[1]

Parts Used

Rhizome, Latex.

Chemical Composition

Alpha-amyrin, lupeol and beta-sitosterol[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಅರಣೆ ಬೀಳು Arane beelu, ಜೀವ ಹಾಲೆ Jeevahaale
Hindi Chhirvel, Arkapushpi
Malayalam Ada kodien
Tamil Palay kirai,
Telugu Palagurugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi Khaner, Khiran
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Jivanti, Arkapushpi
English Holostemma


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Arkapushpi Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A and C; β-carotene; Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Zinc[1]





Kind Shape Feature
Large Triangle Leaf's Margin is Entire and Venation-Cross venulated. leaves 7-15 cm length and 5-10 cm breadth, top of the leaf is smooth and bottom part is hairy



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Peduncled cymes 10–15 cm long Yellow-white Peduncles shorter than the petiole, stout; pedicels 1.5 cm long; calyx lobes ovate, 4 mm long; corolla 2.5 cm across, campanulate, pale purple, lobes 8 x 6 mm, ovate, obtuse. Flowering season is April-September


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong pod Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled Fruiting season is April-September

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

The plant can be propagated through seeds. Matured seeds are collected from the plant during December–January before they disperse. Seeds are cleaned, dried, and stored for sowing[4]. Arkapushpi is available through June to October[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Scrub jungles, Deciduous forests, Plain area

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.93, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemical contents
  3. Diagnostic
  4. Cultivation details

External Links