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Holoptelea integrifolia - Chirabilva

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Chirabilva, Holoptelea integrifolia

Chirabilva is a large deciduous tree growing up to 22 metres tall. The bole is often much twisted and branching from low down. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, food, and as a source of oil and wood.


Wound healing, Diabetes, Skin diseases, Intestinal worms, Blood purifier, To reduce cholesterol, To reduce swelling, Stomachache, Piles, Fistula.[1]

Parts Used

Bark, Seed, Leaf[2].

Chemical Composition

Numerous compounds including Holoptelin-A, Holoptelin-B, Friedlin, Epifriedlin, β -amyrin, Stigmasterol, β -sitosterol, 4-Napthalenedione, Betulin, Betulinic acid, Hexacosanol and Octacosanol have been identified and isolated from the plant species.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Beegada mara, Beeyada mara, Kaladri, Rahubeeja, Tapasee mara, Thapsi, Thavasi
Hindi Banchilla, Bandarbati, Chilbil, Papad, Papari, Rajain
Malayalam Aval, Avil, Nettaval, Nettavil
Tamil Aaya, Ari, Avali, Avil, Avil thol, Avimaram, Thavasi, Vellaya
Telugu Naali, Naavara chettu, Naavili, Nemali, Nemalinara, Thapsi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Arari, Chirabilva, Karanja, Prakirya, Puti, Putigandha, Putika
English Indian Elm



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Stipules lateral, scarious; petiole 5-10 mm, stout, pubescent; lamina 6-12.5 x 2.5-6.5 cm, ovate-oblong, ovate or elliptic-ovate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamous Axillary fascicles Greenish purple Appear before leaves, 5-8 mm across, greenish-purple, in axillary fascicles. Flowering season is January-April


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A samara 2 - 3 cm Orbicular, wings nerved, glabrous One Fruiting season is January-April

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Poothikasavam, Chiruvilvadi kashaya, Indukantha kashaya, Gorochanadi gulika, Rasnadi churna, Gandharva Hastaadi Kashaaya, Pilorid[6]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Can be raised from seeds in the rainy season.[7]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.511, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  3. Journal paper from Nationa Library of Medicine - Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch: a review of its ethnobotany, pharmacology, and phytochemistry
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Botonic description
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation details

External Links