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Hemidesmus indicus - Ananthamoola

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Hemidesmus indicus is a climber found throughout India. The plant is widely exploited from the wild for its root, which is used medicinally. Plant populations in some areas have dropped dramatically and the plant is now being experimentally cultivated in India.


Gums diseases in teeth, Hair fall, Dysuria, Eye diseases, Jaundice, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Body pain, Abdominal pain, Indigestion, Scabies, Eczema, Thirst, Vomiting[1].


Hemidesmus indicus can be used in Food Leaves cooked as vegetable and roots used in preparation of tea[2].

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

Nerolidol (1.2%), borneol (0.3%), linalyl acetate (0.2%), dihydrocarvyl acetate (0.1%), salicylaldehyde (0.1%), isocaryophyllene (0.1%), alpha terpinyl acetate (traces) and 1, 8-cineol (traces) are important as aromatic and bioactive principles[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Sogadeberu, Namadaberu
Hindi Anantamul
Malayalam Nannari Narunanti
Tamil Nannari
Telugu Nannari, Sugandhipal
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Nagajihya, Anantamula
English Indian sarsaparilla



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, VeNannarierya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (heavy), Snigda (oily)


Sheeta (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Kapha, Pitta


Nutritional components

Hemidesmus indicus Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-C and E; Alkaloids; Flavanoids; Glycosides; Phytosterols; Phenols; Saponins; Terpenoids; Tannins; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[2].


Twiner, Climber



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite The leaves are variable, elliptic–oblong to linear–lanceolate, variegated, and white above and silvery-white pubescent beneath



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Greenish purple 5-20 Flowers are crowded in axillary cymes in small compact clusters. Flowering season is October-January


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Paired Fruits cylindrical, pointed, and slender. Seeds are oblong in shape Fruits mature in January Many Fruiting season is October-January

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Sarivadyasavam, Mathala rasayanam, Mahamajishtadi kashayam, Maha Vishagarbha tailaManasamitra vatakam[5]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant can best be propagated from stem and rootstock cuttings obtained from more than one-year-old plants. Rootstock cuttings have better sprouting and survival rates than stem cuttings. Hemidesmus indicus is available throughout the year[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.653, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.89, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Phytochemicals
  4. Morphology
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation details

External Links