Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Heliotropium indicum - Bhurundi

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhurundi, Heliotropium indicum

Bhurundi is an erect, usually much-branched, annual to perennial plant. It can grows up to 1.5 metres tall. The stems are usually woody at the base. The plant is often harvested from the wild and used locally for its medicinal virtues.


Wound healing, Skin diseases, Insect bites, Fever, Eye pain [1]

Parts Used

Leaf, Root, Seed.[2]

Chemical Composition

This plant contains many important Phytochemicals, Including Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids, Indicine, Echinitine, Supinine, Heleurine, Heliotrine, Lasiocarpine, Acetyl indicine, Indicinine, Indicine N-oxide, Cynoglossine, Europine N-oxide, Heleurine N-oxide, Heliotridine N-oxide, Heliotrine N-oxide.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bhoorundi, Celubaladagidha, Chaelu baalada gida, Chaelu mani, Chaelubaala
Hindi Hatta-juri, Hatisura
Malayalam Tekkata, Tekkita, Teliyenni, Telkata
Tamil Aanaikundrimani, Anai Kundumani
Telugu Kodikki, Naga danti
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bhurundi, Duralabha, Hastishundi, Srihastini, Suryavarta, Vrscikali, Nagadanti
English Indian heliotrope



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)



Pitta, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Leaves simple, opposite, 11 x 6 cm, sub-deltoid or broadly ovate, apex acute,base turncate, margin undulate, chartaceous; petiole 3-6 cm long



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Curved spikes Violet or pink 5 Flowers sessile, in terminal or leaf-opposed curved, to 20 cm long spikes. Flowering from April to October


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Nutlet 2 - 3 mm Nutlets connate in pairs, separating later, ribbed Fruiting from April to October

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Originally from S. America, the plant has spread and become naturalized through much of the tropics and subtropics. Plants can flower all year round[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.438, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  3. Journal Paper from National Library of Medicine - Heliotropium indicum L.: From Farm to a Source of Bioactive Compounds with Therapeutic Activity
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Botonic description
  6. Tropical the Ferns Information about Cultivation

External Links