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Gymnema sylvestre - Madhunaashini

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Madhunasini

Gymnema sylvestre is an herb native to the tropical forests of southern and central India and Sri Lanka. Common names include Gymnema,Cowplant, Australian Cowplant, and Periploca of the woods.

Uses

Diabetes, Fever, Cough, Swollen glands, Epilepsy, Boils, Pimples, Diarrhoea, Sore throats[1].

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Flavones, Anthraquinones, Hentri-acontane, Pentatriacontane, α and β-chlorophylls, Phytin, Resins, D-quercitol, Tartaric acid, Formic acid, Butyric acid, Lupeol, β-amyrin.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Madhunashini ಮಧುನಾಶಿನಿ
Hindi Gurmar
Malayalam Cakkarakkolli
Tamil Cirukurinca
Telugu Podapatri
Marathi Bedakicha pala
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Madhunashini, Ajashringi
English Gurmar, Cowplant

[1]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Climber

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Elliptic Leaves are elliptic, narrow tipped, base narrow. Leaves are smooth above, and sparsely or densely velvety beneath

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Pale yellow 5-20 Pale yellow flowers are small, in axillary and lateral umbel like cymes. Flowering season is October-May

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple Clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs Fruiting season is season is October-May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant grows best in areas with a well-distributed rainfall of 600 - 1,000mm annually. The plant can be multiplied either by seeds or by stem cuttings.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical forests, Southeast Asia, Plentiful moisture.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.299, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Phytochemistry
  3. Plant descriotion
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation details

External Links