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Gloriosa superba - Flame lily, Agnimukhi

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Agnimukhi is a genus of 12 species in the plant family Colchicaceae. It is herbaceous tendril climber with underground cylindrical white tuberous rhizome. It is native to Africa, Australia, Burma, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malacca, Malasia, South china, Srilanka and Veetnam. In india it is found throughout the country.[1]


Arthritis, Gout, Rheumatism, Inflammation, Ulcer, Skin diseases, Leprosy, Snake bite, Gonorrhoea, Itching, Infertility, Abdominal pain.[2]

Parts Used

Flowers, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

Seed contain high level of colchicines. Cornigerine, 3-demethyl-N-formyl-N-deacetyl-b-lumicolchicine, 3-demethyl-g-lumicolchicine, 3-demethyl colchicines have been isolated from plant. b-sitosterol.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Agnisikhe ಅಗ್ನಿಶಿಖಾ, Karadikanninagadde
Hindi Bachnag, Kadyanag
Malayalam Kithonni, Mendoni
Tamil Kallappai kilangu
Telugu Agnisikha
Marathi Bachnag, Kal-lavi
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Agnimukhi
English Glory Lily, Gloriosa lily



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple 4-25 cm long and 1.5-4.5 cm wide The leaves are alternately arranged along the stems, stalkless (i.e. sessile), and have entire margins



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 6 Large and showy


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Large, fleshy 3-10 cm long and 1-2 cm wide Turn from green to yellow and eventually dark brown as they mature These fruit contain numerous large red seeds Single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the lowland tropics and subtropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 600 metres, the plant has a clear preference for seasonal, monsoon climates with a pronounced dry season..[7]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Warmer temperate region.

Photo Gallery


  1. Heritage Amruth, February 1999, Page no.25
  2. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:73
  3. Chemical constituents
  4. Common names
  5. Leaf characteristics
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation Details

External Links