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Garcinia indica - Vrikshamia

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Garcinia indica a plant in the mangosteen family. It is native to Asia and Africa. Garcinia indica is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India located along the western coast of the country.


Indigestion, Cuts, Snakebites, Diabetes, Cancers, Skin problems, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats.


Garcinia indica can be used in Food. Leaves are used in curry and syrup is made from fruit pulp. The outer rind of the fruit is dried and used in curries. Edible fat from the plant which is known as Kokam butter is also used in some preparations[1].

Parts Used

Leaves, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

Cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-sambubioside.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Murgina, Punarpuli
Hindi Kokum
Malayalam Kaattampi
Tamil Murgal, Murgal-mara
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vrikshamia, Amlabija
English Kokam, Goa butter tree


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Amla (sour), Madhura (sweet)


Ruksha (Dry), Guru (heavy)


Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (sweet)


Kapha, Vata


Nutritional components

Garcinia indica Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-B and C; Citric acid, Malic acid; Hydro citric acid and Garcinol Manganese, Magnesium, Potassium[1].





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Estipulate; petiole 5-12 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 6.5-11 x 1.5-4 cm, lanceolate or obovate-oblong, base attenuate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamodieocious Axillary and terminal fascicles Many Pedicels 6 mm long; sepals 4, yellowish-orange to pinkish-orange, coriaceous, ovate-rotundate, outer ones 3-4.5 mm long, inner ones 4.5-5 mm long.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry 2.5-4 cm across 4-8 loculed, purple or wine brown, surrounded by persistent calyx; pulp red Seeds 5-8, compressed in acidic pulp {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Grafting.

Cultivation Details

It can be propagated through soft wood grafts. Garcinia indica requires a warm and humid tropical climate. Garcinia indica is available through December- March[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Forest lands, Riversides, Wastelands.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.80, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Main constituents
  3. FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER.2, N. Sasidharan-Botanical description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations

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