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Leea indica

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Leea indica leaves.jpg

Leea indica is an erect shrub to small tree, often with several stems. It usually grows up to 10 metres tall, occasionally to 16 metres, with stems around 19cm in diameter. Plants are frequently stilt-rooted. The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is locally cultivated in India and China for medicinal purposes. It is often grown as an ornamental and is also grown as a green manure.

Uses

Severe cough, Fever, Headache, Body pains, Dizziness, Body pains, Fevers, Sleeplessness, Muscular pain, Leucorrhoea, Intestinal cancer.[1]

Parts Used

Root, Fruits.[2]

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Gadhapatri
Hindi Kukur jihwa
Malayalam Nakku
Tamil Nalava
Telugu Amkador
Marathi Karkani
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Chatri
English Bandicoot berry

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter)

Guna

Laghu (Light)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Karma

Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
2-3 pinnate Alternate Leaves 2 or 3 pinnate, alternate, leaflets 11-14 x 3-5 cm, oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, apex caudate-acuminate, serrate-dentate; lateral nerves 12-15 pairs, intercostae parallel, curved; stipules obovate-obtuse, to 5 x 4 cm

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Cymes Terminal cymes Greenish white Flowering is from December to July

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A berry 6mm across Seeds densely red-glandular Fruiting is from December to July {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings, Air layering.

How to plant/cultivate

Succeeds in full or partial sun, preferring a moist, fertile, well-drained soil.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Swamp forests, Sub-montane forests, Along rivers, On limestone.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Uses of Leea indica - Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
  2. Karnataka Medicinal Plants-Vol 2 book by Dr. M. R. Gurudeva, Page no:66
  3. Vernacular names
  4. PLANTS OF KERALA VER.2, N. Sasidharan BOTANIC DESCRIPTION
  5. Cultivation

External Links