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Ferula narthex - Hingu, Asafoetida

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Ferula narthex

Ferula assafoetida is a perennial plant that can grow up to 2.50 metres tall. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. In Ayurveda, the herb has a great significance, in dealing with intestinal flatulence.


Indigestion, Flatulent colic, Cholera, Whooping Cough, Intestinal flatulence

Parts Used

Leaves, Young shoots.

Chemical Composition

Typical asafoetida contains about 40–64% resin, 25% endogeneous gum, 10–17% volatile oil, and 1.5–10% ash. The resin portion is known to contain asaresinotannols 'A' and 'B', ferulic acid, umbelliferone and four unidentified compounds. [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Hingu
Hindi Hing
Malayalam Perungayam
Tamil Perungayam
Telugu Inguva
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Agudagandha
English Asafoetida





Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate Leaves alternate, rough, hairy,heart-shaped or 3-7 palmately lobed with serrate margins and linear-oblong or triangular lobes, 4-10cm x 4-9 cm



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Umbel Yellow 5 Regularly distributed from the base to the top of the plant, not pubescent. Rays up to 30. Petals deciduous.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
10-12 mm long Furrows 1-(2)-vittate; vittae large, sometimes branched Commissure 4-6-vittate, unequal and variable. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Commonly seen growing in areas

Cultivated Beds, Grassy slope area, Himalayas, Temperate area

Photo Gallery


External Links