Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.
Elettaria cardamomum - Ela, Cardamom
Elettaria cardamomum is a herbaceous perennial plant in the ginger family. It is native to southern India. It is the most common of the species whose seeds are used as a spice called cardamom. It is cultivated widely in tropical regions and reportedly naturalized in Réunion, Indochina and Costa Rica.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
The main chemical components of cardamom oil are a-pinene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, a-phellandrene, limonene.
|English||Cardamom, Malabar cardamom|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Katu (Pungent), Madhur (Sweet)
Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
|Simple||Long and sword-shaped||The underside is paler and may have a covering of tiny hairs and it is Dark green|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||Reach over 1 m in length||Pale green||5-20||The flowers contain both male and female parts. One of the petals is white and streaked with violet. Flowering from April to August|
|Oval||Each fruit has three chambers filled with small aromatic seeds, each about 3 mm long||The fruits dry to a straw-brown colour and are widely used as flavouring||Seeds dry to a straw-brown colour and are widely used as flavouring||Fruiting from September to January|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Anu Tailam, Abana, Amrita ballataki, Aravindaasava, Arimedaadi taila, Avipattikara Churna, Ashwagandhaadi Rasaayana, Ashwagandhaadi Lehyam, Ashwagandhaarishta, Yelaadi Oil, Yelaadi Churna, Yelaadi Bati, Imex, Karpooraadi Bati, Kalyanaka Gritham, Kaayasiddi Lehyam, Kumariyaasava, Kesha sanjivini taila, Kanchanaar Guggulu, Khadiraarishta, Garbhapaala rasa, Gandhaka rasaayana, Chandanaadi tailam, Chandraprabha vati, Chyavanaprash, Jatiphalaadi Churnam, Jeeraka Rasaayana. 
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
The planting is carried out during the rainy season commencing from June. Seedlings are to be planted upto the collar region for better growth.