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Digitalis purpurea - Hritpatri

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Digitalis, Hritpatri

Hritpatri is a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous perennials. This genus was traditionally placed in the figwort family Scrophulariaceae. But recent phylogenetic research has placed it in the much enlarged family Plantaginaceae. This genus is native to western and southwestern Europe, western and central Asia and northwestern Africa.


The scientific name means "finger-like" and refers to the ease with which a flower of Digitalis purpurea can be fitted over a human fingertip. The flowers are produced on a tall spike, are tubular, and vary in colour with species, from purple to pink, white, and yellow. The best-known species is the common foxglove, Digitalis purpurea. This biennial plant is often grown as an ornamental plant due to its vivid flowers which range in colour from various purple tints through various shades of light gray, and to purely white. The flowers can also possess various marks and spottings.

The term digitalis is also used for drug preparations that contain cardiac glycosides, particularly one called digoxin, extracted from various plants of this genus.


  • A group of medicines extracted from foxglove plants are called digitalin. The use of D. purpurea extract containing cardiac glycosides for the treatment of heart conditions
  • It was also approved for the control of ventricular response rate for patients with atrial fibrillation.
  • It improves the renal blood flow, it improves the renal filtration and urine formation[1]

Common name

  • English - Foxglove
  • 'Hindi - Tilpushpi


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)



Kapha, Vaata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, 10–35 cm (3.9–13.8 in) long and 5–12 cm (2–5 in) broad, and are covered with gray-white pubescent and glandular hairs, imparting a woolly texture.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Elongated terminal Violet 2 The flowers are arranged in a showy, terminal, elongated cluster, and each flower is tubular and pendent.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Season to grow

Soil type


Commonly seen growing in areas

Temperate area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. [Plant morphology]

External Links