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Datura metel - Dhatura

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Dhatura, Datura metel

Dhatura is a toxic shrub that can be found growing on roadsides and wastelands. It is sold in markets, both for traditional use and as a source of compounds for the pharmaceutical industry. The plant is also used as a pesticide and repellent. It is often grown as an ornamental in tropical to temperate areas of the world, particularly types with double flowers and purple flowers. This tree is belongs to Solanaseae.[1]


Inflammation, Skin disorders, Asthma, Fever, Arthritis, Wound healing.[2]

Parts Used

Root, Leaves, Flower, Seeds

Chemical Composition

Chemical investigation of an acidic methanol extract of the whole plant of Datura metel resulted in the isolation of seven compounds, including pterodontriol B (1), disciferitriol (2), scopolamine (3), adenosine (4), thymidine (5), ilekudinoside C (6), and dioscoroside D.[3]

Common names,

Language Common name
Kannada Biliyummatta, Dathuri, Datthoora, Unmatta
Hindi Dhattura
Malayalam Mudela-nila-hummatu, Ummattu
Tamil Unmattam, Vellaiyumattai
Telugu Tella-ummetha, Duthooramu, Ummettha
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dhatura, Dhurta, Ghantapuspa, Shivapriya
English Datura, Thorn apple



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Laghu (Light). Rooksha (Dry)


Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves entire or angled with acute lobes, c. 12 x 8 cm, ovate, base oblique, apex acute or acuminate; petiole to 6 cm long. Flowers solitary in axil, erect; pedicels 1-1.5 cm long. Calyx 6-8 cm long, tubular, 5-lobed, minutely pubescent



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary Creamy white 5 Corolla creamy-white, c. 15 cm long, funnel-shaped; teeth 5, cuspidate. Stamens 5, attached towards the base of corolla tube, included, subequal; filaments hairy at base


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 3 cm Spherical, covered with short spines, dehiscence irregular. Seeds compressed, c. 5 mm long, smooth, brown. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a rich light sandy soil and an open sunny position[200]. Grows best in a fertile calcareous soil. This species is extremely susceptible to the various viruses that afflict the potato family (Solanaceae), it can act as a centre of infection so should not be grown near potatoes or tomatoes. Can be grown from seed. [7]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:77
  2. Uses
  3. Chemical constituents
  4. Vernacular names
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation details

External Links