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Dalbergia sissoo - Simsapa

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Simsapa', Dalbergia sissoo

Dalbergia sissoo is a deciduous medium-sized tree growing up to 30 metres tall. The bole is often crooked and branchless for up to 8 metres, occasionally for as much as 20 metres. It is a valuable timber in India, where it can fetch the same prices as teak. It is cultivated as a forest tree in southern Asia and tropical Africa.


Worm infestation, Emaciation, Skin diseases, Urinary tract disorders, Ulcers, Blood disorders, Inflammation [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Heartwood, Root

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Agaru, Birade, Karimara, Nooke mara, Shishmabage
Hindi Shisham, Sissu
Malayalam Rupul, Iruvil, Pivala-sesba, Sisam, Sissu, tali
Tamil Cicumaram , Tesimaram
Telugu Errasissu, Sissu, Sissu-karra
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aguru, Kapila-sinsapa, Pichhila, Pipala, Shingshupa, Simsapa
English Shisham



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Alternate Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 3-5, 2.5-6 x 2-5.5 cm, ovate, obovate or orbicular, base rounded to cuneate, apex cuspidate or acuminate, coriaceous, puberulous to pubescent when young, glabrous when mature; petiolules 3-5 mm long.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary or terminal panicle Cream 9 Flowers cream coloured, 6-8 mm long, subsessile. Calyx 4-6 mm long, campanulate, puberulous without; lobes oblong. Petals exserted; standard to 8 x 5 mm, obovate, long-clawed. Stamens 9, monadelphous. Ovary long-stipitate, pubescent


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 2.5-7 x 0.8-1 cm Linear-oblong, base cuneate, apex acute Seeds 1-3 {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Suckers.

How to plant/cultivate

Directly sown seed attain 15-25 cm after the first rains, 90-120 cm after the second rains in India. For seedling transplantation, only tender plants with small taproots should be used. Root suckers transplant satisfactorily in dry climates. Planting should be in spring (March in India). [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

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