Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Cynodon dactylon - Dhurva

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Doorwa, Cynodon dactylon

Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass. It is creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground. The erect or ascending culms are generally 5 - 45cm long. The plant has a wide range of uses. Occasionally employed as a food, it is commonly used for a wide variety of medicinal purposes.[1]


Wound healing, Conjunctivitis, Bleeding disorders, Skin diseases, Scorpion bite.[2]

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

The phytochemical analysis showed that the plant contained flavanoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, triterpenoids steroids, saponins, tannins, resins, phytosterols, reducing sugars, carbohydrates, proteins, volatile oils and fixed oils.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ambate, Ambate hullu, Balli garike, Doorve, Garike, Garike hullu
Hindi Dhub, Dobri, Dru
Malayalam Belicaraga, Karuka, Karukappullu
Tamil Rugam pullu, Arugam-pillu, Arugampillu, Arugampul, Arugampullu
Telugu Garika gaddi, Garike, Gariki-gaddi, Gerichagadd
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Amrita, Ananta, Anuvallika, Asitalata, Bahucirya, Bhargavi, Dhurva, Mahaushadi, Mahavari, Mangala, Nanda, Niladurva, Sahsravirya, Shiveshta
English Bermuda grass



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light)


Sheeta (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Pitta, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves 1-10 x 0.1-0.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, glaucous; sheaths keeled; ligules fimbriate, membranous.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal spikes 3 Inflorescence of terminal, digitate 3-4 spikes; spikes 1-sided, oblong to 5 cm long.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Caryopsis 1 mm Linear {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a warm sunny position in a well-drained soil.[7]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:113
  2. Uses
  3. Chemiacl constituents
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Botonic description
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation details

External Links