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Curcuma longa Linn - Haridra
Haridra consists of the dried and cured rhizomes of Curcuma longa Linn. (Fam.Zingiberaceae), a perennial herb extensively cultivated in all parts of the country, crop is harvested after 9-10 months when lower leaves turn yellow rhizomes carefully dug up with hand-picks between October-April and cured by boiling and dried.
|Sanskrit||Rajani, Nisha, Nishi, Raatri, Ksanaada|
Essential oil and a colouring matter (curcumin).
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Krimighna, Kushgna, Vrnya, Vishaghna, Kaphapittanut
- THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA, PART-I, VOLUME-1, page no 61.