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Cuminum cyminum - Ajaji, Cumin seed

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Cuminum cyminum is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. it is native from the east Mediterranean to South Asia. Its seeds are used in the cuisines of many different cultures in both whole and ground form. It also has many uses as a Traditional medicine plan.


Improving breast milk, Uterine fibroid, Indigestion, Diarrhoea, Skin diseases, Fever, Hyper-acidity, Insomnia, Piles, Parasitic worms, Leucorrhoea, Spider sting.

Parts Used

Seeds, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

Cumin seeds are antimicrobial, anti-diabetic, antiepileptic, antifertility, anticancer, antioxidant and immunomodulatory.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Jirage, Bilijirege
Hindi Jira, Safed jira
Malayalam Jeerakam
Tamil Sheeragam, Chirakam, Jeerakam
Telugu Jilakarra, Tella Jilakarra
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Ajaji
English Cumin seed, Cumin





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Petiole bonded Hairless, elongated and devided.its foliage is devided into filiform segment



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual White, Pink The flowers are like tiny hermaphrodite and each umbelmay cotain between 3 or 5 radios. {{{5}}}


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Ovel, narrow 5-6mm long The fruites of the plnat is classified among the nuts and it is daichene They are ash brown and pubscent Single seed

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Start seeds inside 6 to 8 weeks before average last frost. Start outside 1 to 2 weeks after average last frost and when the temperatures are warm.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Manitoba, Norway, Rainyzones

Photo Gallery


External Links