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Crateva nurvala - Large Garlic Pear

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Flowers of the tree.jpg

Crateva Magna is a shrub or a tree. It will grow upto 2 - 20 metres tall. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use, Mainly as a medicine and source of wood. The plant is often cultivated as an Ornamental, Especially within its native range.


Kidney stone, Piles, Cervical odenitis, Swelling, Collyrium, Desentery, Wounds[1].

Parts Used

Stem's bark, Root's bark, Leaf[1].

Chemical Composition

Chemical Investigation of Crataeva nurvala leaves resulted in the isolation of four compounds, Which are Dodecanoic anhydride, Methyl pentacosanoate, Kaemferol-3-O-α-D-glucoside and Quercitin-3-O-α-D-glucoside.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Mavalinga mara, Holetakki, Holetumbe
Hindi Baran, Barna
Malayalam NA
Tamil Kodikilangu
Telugu Ulimiri, Chendupaddu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kumaraja, Varuna, Setuvriksha
English Holy garlic pear



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Semi-deciduous Tree



Kind Shape Feature



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Flowering from December to March


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fruiting from December to March

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Kaanchanaara Guggulu, Dhanvantari Ghrita, Niri, Purim, Malatyadi Tailam, Varunaadi Kashaayam, Varunaadi Gritha, Vaatasaani Taila[1]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate


Commonly seen growing in areas

Open forests, Often along streams, Sometimes near the seashore, Occurring mostly along streams in shady locations.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.610, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Indian Journals of Pharmaceutical Science - Chemical constituents of Crataeva nurvala (Buch-ham) leaves
  3. [Morphology]
  4. [Cultivation]

External Links